What is Nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology refers to the broad variety of tolls, techniques and applications that basically involve particles on the approximate size scale of a few to hundreds of nanometres in diameter. Particles of this size have some unique physicochemical and surface properties that lend themselves to novel uses. Indeed, inventors of nanotechnology suggest that this area of research could contribute to solutions for some of the major issues faced globally mainly the supply of safe drinking water for a rapidly increasing population worldwide as well as addressing issues in other fields such as medicine, energy and agriculture. Proving clean and affordable drinking water is one of the biggest challenges in our lifetime. Due to the rapid growth of population water scarcity can occur as well a widespread water contamination till we are left with nothing safe to drink. As scarcity becomes a greater issue around the globe, the water treatment field is expected to become worth more than approximately $38 billion by the year 2025.  Within this field nanotechnology is breaking new ground and developing new ways of how water is filtered and purified.  Nanotechnology has provided to be a ground-breaking result for water purification.

The Growing need for clean water

In this year 2020 it was predicted earlier that about two-thirds of all people in the world were expected to live in a water scarce society. Other estimations show that the trend isn’t likely to reverse and that by mid-century, humongous populations could have trouble accessing clear drinking water. Water filtration systems can solve this problem. Currently the most used methods of water purifiers are filtering, reverse osmosis, and micro – or ultra – filtration which are the most effective. In some situations, these water purifiers need large quantities of chemical processing and high amounts of energy get consumed. These chemicals have to be processed in industrial areas and transported to different rural regions which is sometimes difficult. Cost effective solutions that can filter even small amounts of water don’t guarantee the high level of filtration needed to remove particles such as dust, viruses or bacteria.

Water purification at the molecular level

Water can be polluted in several different methods through sediment, salt, chemicals, bacteria and heavy metals. Each of these hazardous components can be many sizes, and they can separate from or totally dissolved with the water. Not every water filtration technique provides complete purification. 

New nanotech solutions are portable and effective ways to achieve high levels of filtration. There are several different types of nanotechnology that are being developed specifically for water filters. One of the most popular types of nanotechnology is carbon nanotubes which are cylindrical molecules which are made up of carbon atoms joined together in a single layer. The nanotubes look like small pieces of wire mesh, and are effective at filtering all variety of components including water. Effectively these nanotubes are considered as pollutants.

Some nanofiltrations use old age materials such as Zeolite for example which is a naturally occurring mineral that some scientists have taken notice of due to how good it acts as a water absorbent. It is mainly known for capturing large, possibly dangerous molecules. 

Apart from Zeolite many other nanotech possibilities are being discovered like magnetic nanoparticles which are used to extract chemicals like dye, from water. The magnetics allow nanoparticles   to be safely separated from the drinking water. 

Traditional water purifiers require a certain amount of water to work as nanotech purification systems process at the nano-level, so they should be applicable to even small amounts of water. This is commonly used in rural or difficult to access areas which are most likely to be affected by scarcity.

FIN Water – The future of water purification Nanotechnology in FIN revolves around the use of an intelligent semi permeable with pore size in the nano scale of less than 10 nanometres surrounded by a charge field, which enables the membranes to distinguish between impurities and essential minerals. Using this technology, Permionics have developed a range of membranes called the ELIXIR series. Developed over 40 years of research the Elixir series of membranes are tailored to give you safe, healthy and spring quality water from any water source. FIN Water is the best water filtration system for your home

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